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Table of Contents for
The Social Origins of the Welfare State: Québec Families, Compulsory Education, and Family Allowances, 1940–1955 by Dominique Marshall, translated by Nicola Doone Danby



Chapter 1
The Drafting of Laws: Social Movements and Legislation

Adélard Godbout and the Provincial Compulsory School Attendance Act of 1943: Liberal Reformism, “Managerial Reformism,” and Clerical Agriculturalism

The Failure of the 1943 Provincial Family Allowances Act

Mackenzie King and the 1945 Federal Family Allowances Act

Maurice Duplessis, Provincial Autonomy, and Social Policies

The Industrial and Commercial Establishments Act

Chapter 2
Implementing the New Laws: Institutionalization of New Rights

The Consolidation of the Department of Public Instruction: Statistics and Centralization

School Boards, the Department of Labour Inspectors, and the Montréal Juvenile Court

The Institution of Family Allowances and the Federal Government’s “Administrative Revenge”

Chapter 3
The Significance of Children’s Universal Rights: Official Views on Poverty and the Family

Poverty and Collective Responsibility

The Question of Children’s Autonomy

The Autonomy of Poor Parents

Chapter 4
The Evolution of the Status of Children: Between the New Official Norms, Market Changes, and the Cultural World of Parents

The Progress of Schooling

The Decline of Juvenile Labour in Industry and Commerce

The Decline of Labour for Farmers’ Sons

The Change in Parents’ Responsibilities and Prerogatives

The Increase in Children’s Autonomy

Chapter 5
Forgotten by Education and Welfare: The New Faces of Poverty and Juvenile Labour

The Failure of Government Advice and the Discarding of Abnormal Families

The Survival of Juvenile Labour: Market Insufficiencies and the Persistent Needs of Families

The Development and Tolerance of Exceptions to Universal Rights: Sons of Self-Sufficient Farmers, Girls of Disadvantaged Homes, and Ghettos of Paid Juvenile Labour

The Rigidity of the School Structure, Children’s Persistent Needs, and the New Conceptions of Abnormal Childhood

Chapter 6
The Transformation of the Political Culture of Families

The Maintenance and Dissipation of the War Consensus

Traditional Means of Defending Parents’ Rights and the New Struggles for Democracy

School Boards and the Struggle against the Centralizing of Social Institutions

Social Policy and the Constitution

The Quiet Revolution, State Formation, Nationalism, and Family Values