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Table of Contents for
The Cross in the Dark Valley: The Canadian Protestant Missionary Movement in the Japanese Empire, 1931–1945 by A. Hamish Ion

Acknowledgments

Abbreivations

Illustrations

Introduction


Chapter One: Undertones of the Past

The Early Development of the Japanese Protestant Movement

Canadian Missions in Japan

Progress in North Korea

Foothold in North Taiwan

Chapter Two: Toward the Kingdom of God: Evangelism and Social Concern in Japan

The Depression, Christian Revival, and Kagawa

The Evangelistic and Social Work of the United Church Mission

Canadian Anglicans and the Revival

Canadian Presbyterians and Koreans in Japan

Chapter Three: On the Colonial Frontier

On the Border

The Manchurian Crisis

With Goforth in Manchuria

Financial Cuts in Korea

Staying On in North Taiwan

Chapter Four: The Shrine Question

The Shrine Question in Japan

Conflict in North Korea

Tensions in North Taiwan

Chapter Five: Educational Work in Japan

Girls’ Schools in Japan

The Kwansei Gakuin

Chapter Six: Specialized Educational and Medical Work

The Canadian Academy

The Canadian Anglican Kindergarten Training School

The New Life Sanatorium at Obuse

Educational Work among Koreans in Japan

Chapter Seven: Contrast in the Colonies: Educational and Medical Work in Korea, Manchukuo, and Taiwan

Budgetary Challenges and Educational Work in Korea

Boys’ and Girls’ Schools in Korea and Manchukuo

Dealing with the Colonial Authorities

Training Evangelists in Manchukuo

Medical Work in Korea

Difficulties in Taiwan

The Happy Mount Leprosy Colony

Chapter Eight: Missionary Life in Japan and Its Empire

Growing Up in Japan

Young and Old Missionaries in Japan

Living and Working in Rural Japan

Contrast in the Japanese Empire

Chapter Nine: Canadian Missionary Attitudes to Politics in Japan

Darkening Clouds of Ultranationalism

The 26 February 1936 Incident and Its Aftermath

The Marco Polo Bridge Incident and War in North China

The Nanking Atrocities and the Continuing War

Changkufeng, Nomonhan, and Fear of the Soviet Union

Chiang Kai-shek and the China Crisis

Typhoon Weather

Chapter Ten: Growing Pressure for Church Union in Japan

The Twists and Turns on the Road to Church Union

The Marco Polo Bridge Incident and Its Aftermath

Nipponteki Kirisutokyo and Overseas Evangelism

Growing Pressure for Union

The Salvation Army Crisis

United Church Missionaires and the Impending Union

The Predicament of the NSKK

Chapter Eleven: Union and Withdrawal

Making Missionary Adjustments

Withdrawal from Mid-Japan

Canadian Presbyterian Evacuation from Taiwan, Manchuko, and Japan

Chapter Twelve: Into the Fires of War

The Japanese Christian Deputation

Working on in Japan and Korea

The Nippon Kirisutokyodan and the NSKK

Internment

Hoping for the Best


Conclusion

Notes

Select Bibliography

Index