Table of Contents for
Surviving Incarceration: Inside Canadian Prisons by Rose Ricciardelli
Narrative: Just a Kid: Forever Hurting
Introduction to Federal Corrections in Canada
The Focus: Setting the Stage
Changing Legislation in Corrections
What about Safety?
Narrative: A Life Without Freedom: The Multi-Prison, Multi-Sentence Experience
Correctional Services of Canada
Provincial versus Federal Corrections
Methods: The Men
Understanding the Classification System: Prisoner Classification
Does Prisoner Classification Work?
Understanding the Classification System: Institutional Classification
How I Found the Guys?
Narrative: Addiction, Incest: Thirty-Two Years in Prison, Thirty-Six Years of Addiction
Hierarchy: Crime, Sexuality, Masculinity, and Safety
Factor 1. Being Solid: Criminal Convictions
Factor 2. Being Solid: Masculinities
Factor 3. Being Solid: Prison Sex or Sexuality
The Largely Homophobic Environment
Consistently Subordinated Homosexuality?
Being Solid: Heterosexuality
Why Does the Hierarchy Exist?
Narrative: A Violent Place Where Everybody Has a Story
Violence and Theory: The Prison Atmosphere
The Current Canada Prison Experience: Understanding and Acknowledging the Violence
Maximum-Security Prisons: Controls Within the Institution
High-Medium-Security Prison: Controls Within the Institution
Low-Medium- and Minimum-Security Prisons: Controls Within the Institution
Coercive Controls: Impacting Penal Violence
Remunerative Controls: Impacting Penal Violence
The Need: Balance
Narrative: A Brother, a Son, a Lover, a Dad, a Man, a Prisoner with Heart
The Inmate Code
The History of the Code
Why a Code?
What Is the Code?
Never Rat on a Con and Don’t Get Friendly with the Staff
Be Dependable (Not Loyal)
Follow Daily Behaviour Rules or Else!
I Won’t See You, Don’t See Me, and Shut-up Already!
Be Fearless or at Least Act Tough
In the End
Narrative: A Sex Offender’s Story
The Other Crimes
Stigma Theory and Framing
The Sex Offender Stigma
Stigma in Prison: Stigmatized by Other Prisoners
The Stigma of Protective Custody
Painful Consequences: Stigmatized by Other Prisoners
Revelations, Intolerance, and Passing: The Quest to be Solid
Distancing Sex Offenders
Prisoners Exposing Prisoners
Professionals and Paraprofessionals in Corrections
The Role of the Media
Resources: Lacking Supports
The Systemic Sex Offender Stigma
Narrative: Change from Within (It Changed Me)
The Personal Side: Coping, Changing, For Better or Worse
Coping with Incarceration: Trust in Self
Coping with Incarceration: When More is Needed
Prison: Fostering Negativity
Change from Within and Holding on to Yourself
Resources and Programming
Narrative: Gang Affiliation, Clearly Not the Way of the Future
What Can This Study Not Speak To?
What We Do Know?
Safe Streets and Prisons: Corrections at Work
Industry Growth: For Better or Worse