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Veneration and Revolt - Hermann Hesse and Swabian Pietism

Veneration and Revolt

Hermann Hesse and Swabian Pietism

By Barry Stephenson
Subjects Literary Criticism, Religion
Series Editions SR Hide Details
Hardcover : 9781554581498, 300 pages, February 2009

Table of contents

Table of Contents for Veneration and Revolt: Hermann Hesse and Swabian Pietism by Barry Stephenson Momani



Introduction: Hermann Hesse: The Missionary’s Son

Part I: Contexts

Pietism: A First Glance

The Swabian Mandarins

The Maulbronn Affair

Romantics and Pietists

Part II: Setting Out

Hesse’s “Religion of Art”

Peter Camenzind: Rejection of Aestheticism

Beneath the Wheel: The Anti-School Novel

Demian: Chiliastic Vision

War, Church, and State

Part III: Turning Back

Siddhartha: Swabian Mysticism

“Breaking the Will”

Steppenwolf: “The Hell of Myself”

Narcissus and Goldmund: Reconciliation

Part IV: Coming Home

The Journey to the East: Narrating a Life/History

Joseph Knecht and The Glass Bead Game: Spiritual Heritage








One of the most widely read German authors in the world, Hermann Hesse (1877-1962) won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1946. After his death, his novels enjoyed a revival of popularity, becoming a staple of popular religion and spirituality in Europe and North America.

Veneration and Revolt: Hermann Hesse and Swabian Pietism is the first comprehensive study of the impact of German Pietism (the religion of Hesse’s family and native Swabia) on Hesse’s life and literature. Hesse’s literature bears witness to a lifelong conversation with his religious heritage despite that in adolescence he rejected his family’s expectation that he become a theologian, cleric, and missionary.

Hesse’s Pietist upbringing and broader Swabian heritage contributed to his moral and political views, his pacifism and internationalism, the confessional and autobiographical style of his literature, his romantic mysticism, his suspicion of bourgeois culture, his ecumenical outlook, and, in an era scarred by two world wars, his hopes for the future. Veneration and Revolt offers a unique perspective on the life and works of one of the twentieth century’s most influential writers.


"The enormous commentary on Hesse rarely takes this Pietist context seriously, but according to Stephenson, it is impossible to understand Hesse without understanding Pietism.... Stephenson's argument is compelling and its implications are striking.... Clearly and engagingly written, thoroughly rooted in Hesse's work and the vast commentary on Hesse, Stephenson's book is a fine general introduction to Hesse, as well as a powerful argument about the roots of Hesse's art. An important contribution to Hesse studies, Veneration and Revolt also contributes significantly to the ongoing debate about the origins, meanings, and trajectories of modernity."

- Robert Weldon Whalen, German Studies Review, 34/3, 2011

"Taking his title from Hesse, Barry Stephenson has given us the first thorough appreciation of the Nobel Prize--winner within the religious culture from which he emerged. Hesse's debt to pietism, against which he rebelled yet which he always venerated as his spiritual heritage, was long a commonplace. But no previous scholar approached the problematic topic with the requisite background in religious studies that informs this book. Beginning with the history of Pietism and its role in Swabia and German Romanticism, it moves through Hesse's life and oeuvre, exposing significant new dimensions from his early ‘religion of art’ to The Glass Bead Game. This major and highly readable contribution forces us to contemplate Hesse's novels in a wholly original and edifying light."

- Theodore Ziolkowski, Princeton University, author of Modes of Faith (2007), and Minos and the Moderns (2008)