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Seven Eggs Today

The Diaries of Mary Armstrong, 1859 and 1869

By Jackson Webster Armstrong
Subjects Life Writing, Biography & Autobiography, History, Canadian History
Series Life Writing Hide Details
Hardcover : 9780889204409, 244 pages, April 2004
Paperback : 9781554584390, 244 pages, August 2016

Table of contents

Table of Contents for
Seven Eggs Today: The Diaries of Mary Armstrong, 1859 and 1869 edited by Jackson W. Armstrong

List of Illustrations



Editor’s Note

List of Abbreviations


I. A Canadian’s Story

II. A Diarist’s World

Illustrations and Family Trees

Diary of Mary Armstrong, 1859

Diary of Mary Armstrong, 1869

List of Individuals




List of Illustrations

Walworth and Camberwell

Jane Tuesman Wickson

John Wickson

Eliza Chilver Wickson

John Rusby Wickson

Whitefield lithograph, Toronto, Canada West

Wickson business calendar

Yorkville map

Thomas Armstrong business card

Philip Armstrong

Thomas and Fidelia Armstrong

Fidelia and Thomas Norman Armstrong

Sarah Wickson Hamilton, sketch of Paris, Ontario

Wickson painting, Portrait of Arthur Wickson

Paul Giovanni Wickson

Family Trees

Descendants of James and Jane Wickson (abridged)

Descendants of Philip Armstrong (abridged)


Offers an intriguing glimpse into the daily life of an average Toronto woman in the mid-nineteenth century.

Mary Armstrong’s diaries are a window into the daily life of a middle-class woman in a new and changing land, and a revealing account of life in early Toronto just before and after confederation. Her journals are one of very few published by Canadian women, especially women outside the upper classes, in the decades surrounding the mid-nineteenth century.

Mary Armstrong was the wife of a butcher / farmer who lived in what is now the Yorkville and Deer Park area of Toronto from the 1830s to the 1880s. She had immigrated with her parents and siblings from England in 1834. Her diaries, which cover five months in 1859 and eight months in 1869, reflect her multiplicity of interests and concerns including family, women’s work, faith, status and class, occupation and trade, community networks, and local and national identity.

Jackson W. Armstrong’s introduction examines who Mary was, what her world was like, and how she saw her own place in it; it also explains the origin and history of the diaries. His extensive primary research supports the well-annotated diaries, and gives contextual information on the events, people, and places that Mary mentions.

Seven Eggs Today offers new information and a new perspective on mid-Victorian English Canada, and will be welcomed by general readers and scholars interested in colonial life, biography, immigrant experiences, family or local history, or women’s studies.


"The diaries reflect the changing economic, political, and social temper of the times. ...But in 1869, the idea of being 'Canadian' was, in Jackson Armstrong's estimation, still largely unformed. ...With a fine eye for detail. ..Armstrong isolates and discusses in. ..his introduction. ..the importance of women's work, changing understandings of class and status, and the role of religion and community networks in colonists' lives. "

- The Canadian Historical Review

"Both text and commentary are a worthwhile contribution to the publisher's Life Writing series. "

- British Journal of Canadian Studies

"These accounts of a. ..woman's life in Toronto around the time of Confederation do provide insight into what a middle-class woman's life must have been like. "

- Globe and Mail

"Seven Eggs Today: The Diaries of Mary Armstrong, 1859 and 1869 [is] a well-edited, well-researched treasure from Victorian Canada. ...These kinds of diaries are an often overlooked source of information about women's lives and labours. ...The editor thoughtfully includes seemingly unimportant household accounts in the published version. ...He leaves in gaps, stricken mistakes, odd punctuation, underlining; in short, he has done as much as he can to transmit in printed text the idiosyncratic presentation of the diary manuscripts. ..Armstrong. adept at making [the diaries'] relevance clear in historical and literary contexts. It stands as a useful template to anyone else editing a nineteenth-century diary and offers its readers unusual insight into the life of a middle-class woman in mid-century Canada. "

- Kathryn Carter, University of Toronto Quarterly, Letters in Canada 2004

"This explains the literary and historical significance of Seven Eggs Today. Jackson Armstrong's publication of his great-great-great grandmother's diaries from the years 1859 and 1869 provides a rare glimpse into the life of a middle-class woman living in Victorian-era Toronto around the time of Canada's Confederation. Armstrong has done an excellent job editing the diaries. While the value in such documents lies in their recital of everyday events (`two eggs yesterday, three today') and personal reflections (`Father is once more himself'), nonetheless such mundane items can provide a wealth of information concerning not only Mary's family background, and the history of the family, but also relevant issues such as the importance of social position and status within Victorian Canada, the role of women in the family and society, and the impact of faith and religion in colonial society. Nonetheless, it is Mary herself who holds the reader's attention as she tells her own story of life in the young colony in her own words, bringing to life a bygone era and society. This volume will be of interest not only to scholars, but also to general readers who are interested in discovering a new perspective on a historical period. "

- Elisabeth Anne MacDonald-Murray, Canadian Book Review Annual 2006