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Latin American Identities After 1980

Edited by Gordana Yovanovich & Amy Huras
Subjects Cultural Studies
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Paperback : 9781554581832, 348 pages, April 2010
Ebook (EPUB) : 9781554583003, 348 pages, April 2010

Table of contents

Table of Contents for
Latin American Identities After 1980, edited by Gordana Yovanovich and Amy Huras

Introduction | Gordana Yovanovich

Part One

Latin America and the New Pax Americana | Jorge Nef and Alejandra Roncallo

Cultural Resilience and Political Transformation in Bolivia | Susan Healey

Globalization and Indígenas: The Alto Balsas Nahuas | Frans J. Schryer

Language Shift, Maintenance and Revitalization: Quichua in an Era of Globalization | Rosario Gómez

Afro-Brazilian Women’s Identities and Activism: National and Transnational Discourse | Jessica Franklin

Legal Creolization, ``Permanent Exceptionalism’’ and Caribbean Sojourners’ Truths | Adrian Smith

Part Two

Cuban Culture at the Eye of the Globalizing Hurricane: The Case of Nueva Trova | Norman Cheadle

From Pablo Neruda to Luciana Souza: Latin America as Poetic-Musical Space | Maria L. Figueredo

The Transculturation of Capoeira: Brazilian, Canadian and Caribbean Interpretations of an Afro-Brazilian Martial Art | Janelle Joseph

Kcho’s La regata: Political or Poetic Installation? | Lee L’Clerc

Collective Memory of Cultural Trauma in Peru: Efforts to Move from Blame to Reconciliation | Jennifer Martino

Part Three

Individualism and Human Rights in Antonio Skármeta’s Match Ball | Gordana Yovanovich

Collective Memory and the Borderlands in Guillermo Verdecchia’s Fronteras Americanas | Pablo Ramírez

From Exile To the Pandilla: The Construction of The Hispanic-Canadian Masculine Subject in Cobro Revertido and Côte-Des-Nègres | Stephen Henighan



Contributors’ Bios

Norman Cheadle is associate professor in the Department of Modern Languages and Literatures at Laurentian University. Cheadle is the author of The Ironic Apocalypse in the Novels of Leopoldo Marechal (2000), co-editor of Canadian Cultural Exchange: Translation and Transculturation (2007) published by Wilfrid Laurier UP, and author of refereed articles such as “Twentieth-Century homo bonaerense: The Buenos Aires ‘Man-in-the-Street,’” “‘El Aleph’ y Adán Buenosayres. El flaco, el gordo y el populismo argentino,” “Los intelectuales y el caso Pinochet: canto de cisne de una figura centenaria?” and “Rememorando la historia decimonónica desde La tierra del fuego de Sylvia Iparraguirre. ”

Maria L. Figueredo is associate professor in the Department of Languages, Literatures and Linguistics at York University. Figueredo is already considered a Canadian specialist in the relationships between literature and music in their specific socio-political contexts. Her doctoral dissertation (1999) initiated work in this area and led to the publication of her book, Poesía y canto popular: Su convergencia en el siglo XX. Uruguay, 1960—1985. This trained musician and academic has also published articles such as: “Rhythm Nation: Negotiating Notions of Place, Belonging and History in the Process of Setting Poetry to Song,” “Latin American Song as an Alternative Voice in the New World Order,” “El eterno retorno entre la poesía y la música popular,” and “Entre la poesía oral y la escrita: la canción y la cultura literaria. ”

Jessica Franklin is a Ph. D. candidate in the Department of Political Science at McMaster University and is currently completing her dissertation entitled “Building From and Moving Beyond the State: The National and Transnational Dimensions of Afro-Brazilian Women’s Activism. ” Her research has been supported by the Canada-Latin America and the Caribbean Research Exchange Grant (2007).

Rosario Gómez is associate professor of Spanish linguistics at the University of Guelph. Gómez is a co-author of a book on CD-ROM entitled El mundo hispano (Toronto: Canadian Academy of the Arts, 2008), and her doctoral thesis has been adapted into a book that is forthcoming from Iberoamericana / Vervuert (Frankfurt and Madrid). She is the author of two articles dealing with pedagogy and the history of the Spanish language. She recently published a testing database to accompany the linguistics textbook An Introduction to Language, 4th ed. (Nelson Education, 2010). Gómez is also the coordinator of the Corpus of Spoken Spanish of Urban centers of Ecuador, PRESEEA (Proyecto Para Estudio Sociolingüístico del Español de España y América),University of Alcalá in Spain.

Susan Healey received her Ph. D. from the University of Guelph. Her dissertation traces the rise of the MAS in Bolivia through the lenses of counter-hegemony, organized dissent, and alternative notions of development. Healy lived and worked in Bolivia from 1989 to 1995. She has published articles in Latin American Perspectives and the Canadian Journal of Development Studies, a chapter in Lifelong Citizenship Learning, Participatory Democracy and Social Change (OISE/University of Toronto), as well as book reviews and newspaper op-eds on political change in Latin America. In 2004 Healy was awarded the Kari Polanyi-Levitt Prize by the Canadian Association for Studies in International Development (CASID) for the best graduate student essay in international development Studies. Healy has taught courses in political sociology, geography, and international political economy at Wilfrid Laurier University and the University of Waterloo.

Stephen Henighan is a professor of Spanish at the University of Guelph and a recognized Canadian fiction writer. He was a finalist for the Governor General’s Literary Award in the category of English Non-Fiction for his debateprovoking book When Words Deny the World: The Reshaping of Canadian Writing. Henighan is the author of eleven books and numerous articles, reviews and conference presentations. Some of his books are: The Streets of Winter, Lost Province: Adventures in a Moldovan Family,North of Tourism, and Assuming the Light: The Parisian Literary Apprenticeship of Miguel Ángel Asturias. Henighan has also produced the first Canadian textbook for teaching Spanish, and he has translated books from Portuguese to English. His own work has been translated to other languages.

Amy Huras received her B. A. from the University of Guelph, her M. Phil. from the University of Cambridge, and she is a Ph. D. candidate at the University of Toronto. Research for her Ph. D. thesis has been funded by SSHRC.

Janelle Joseph is a Ph. D. candidate at the University of Toronto. In the area of sports, culture, and transnationality, Joseph has published the following articles: “The Logical Paradox of the Cultural Commodity: Selling an Authentic Afro-Brazilian Martial Art in Canada,” in the Sociology of Sport Journal, and “Going to Brazil: Transnational and Corporeal Movement of a Canadian-Brazilian Martial Arts Community,” in Global Networks. Joseph is the winner of the Sport Information Resource Centre’s 2005 Community Research Award for her essay “A Perfect Match: Brazilian Martial Arts and the Canadian Multiculturalism Act. ”

Lee L’Clerc is assistant professor at the University of Guelph. He is a midcareer Canadian painter with a Ph. D. in literature from the University of Toronto. He has had a number of solo and group exhibitions both nationally and internationally, and has published “(Homo)Posing the Flesh in Virgilio Piñera’s La carne de René” in Revista Canadiense de Estudios Hispánicos and “Saint Sebastian: A Body Caught Up in Representation” for the Justina M. Barnicke Gallery. L’Clerc is presently working on a book on Cuban art and literature.

Jennifer Martino received her M. A. from the interdisciplinary Latin American and Caribbean graduate program at the University of Guelph. She has worked for different NGOs in Haiti, Nicaragua, Uruguay, and Peru.

Jorge Nef is University Professor Emeritus at the University of Guelph and a Professor of Government and International Affairs at the University of South Florida where he was Director of Latin American and Caribbean Studies. He has published, edited, and co-edited sixteen books and special issues of journals. His most recent publications include: The Democratic Challenge (London: Palgrave/Macmillan, 2009), Capital, Power, and Inequality in Latin America (Boulder: Rowman and Littlefield, 2008), Managing Development in a Global Context (also published by Palgrave/Macmillan of the UK), and Inter American Relations in an Era of Globalization: Beyond Unilateralism? (Toronto: De Sitter 2007). Nef is also author or co-author of 115 academic articles in books and journals. Nef’s poetry is published in his book, La región perdida (Madrid: Betania 1997) and in numerous literary anthologies.

Pablo Ramírezis associate professor at the University of Guelph, where he teaches nineteenth-century American literature and US Latina/o Studies. He received his Ph. D. in American Cultures from the University of Michigan and has published essays and chapters on Chicana/o literature in The Canadian Review of American Studies, Frontieres, Journal of American Studies, and Questions of Identity in Detective Fiction. He also has forthcoming articles and chapters in Aztlÿn: Journal of Chicana/o Studies and Bordered Sexualities. He is currently working on a project titled, “Consent of the Conquered: Mexican-Anglo Romances and Contractual Freedom in Nineteenth-Century America. ”

Alejandra Roncallo teaches at York University and at the University of Toronto- Mississauga, and has also taught at the Universities of Western Ontario and Ryerson. She takes an interdisciplinary approach to the study of the Americas, and has published articles in the Canadian Journal of Development Studies and Hechos del Callejón—a journal of the United Nations Development Program of Colombia—and a chapter in Between the Lines. She holds an M. A. in Public and International Affairs from the University of Pittsburgh and a Ph. D. in Political Science from York University.

Frans J. Schryer is a professor emeritus in the Department of Sociology and Anthropology at the University of Guelph. Schryer is the author of four books, of which two deal with Mexico: The Rancheros of Pisaflores (Univ. of Toronto Press, 1980) and Ethnicity and Class Conflict in Rural Mexico (Princeton Univ. Press, 1990). He is also the author of seventeen refereed articles and seven book chapters, including “Native Peoples of Central Mexico since Independence” in The Cambridge History of the Native Peoples of the Americas, Vol. 2: Mesoamerica, Part 2 (1999).

Dragan Sekaric Shex received a university degree from the School of Architecture in Sarajevo but drifted from architecture to painting. In Rome he took advanced studies in fine art. After this period of learning and artistic experimentation in Italy, he moved to Montreal. Currently Shex works from his studio in Toronto. He has exhibited across the Mediterranean countries of Europe, in Cuba, the US, and in fine galleries in Montreal and Toronto. He has received numerous professional awards and won first prize in several prestigious art contests.

Adrian Smith is a Ph. D. candidate in the Institute of Comparative Law, Faculty of Law at McGill University. Smith is the author of one scholarly article, “Legal Consciousness and Resistance in Caribbean Seasonal Workers” (Canadian Journal of Law and Society 20. 2, 2005), two chapters in books: “Transnational Labour Law, Global Governance & the Caribbean” and “A Transnational Turn for/from ‘the Worst’: Labour Law, Globalization and the Wretched of the Earth”, and three book reviews.

Gordana Yovanovich is professor of Latin American literature at the University of Guelph. She is the author of two books: Play and the Picaresque: Lazarillo de Tormes, Libro de Manuel and Match Ball, and Julio Cortázar’s Character Mosaic, both published by the University of Toronto Press, and editor of The New World Order: Corporate Agenda and Parallel Reality published by McGill-Queen’s University Press. She has also published articles such as: “Intelligence Agenda and the Need for Constructive Intellectual Intervention in the New World Order”, “Play as a Mode of Empowerment for Women and as a Model for Poetics in the Early Poetry of Nicolás Guillén,” and “The Role of Women in Julio Cortázar’s Rayuela. ”


Latin American Identities After 1980 takes an interdisciplinary approach to Latin American social and cultural identities. With broad regional coverage, and an emphasis on Canadian perspectives, it focuses on Latin American contact with other cultures and nations. Its sound scholarship combines evidence-based case studies with the Latin American tradition of the essay, particularly in areas where the discourse of the establishment does not match political, social, and cultural realities and where it is difficult to uncover the purposely covert.

This study of the cultural and social Latin America begins with an interpretation of the new Pax Americana, designed in the 1980s by the North in agreement with the Southern elites. As the agreement ties the hands of national governments and establishes new regional and global strategies, a pan–Latin American identity is emphasized over individual national identities. The multi-faceted impacts and effects of globalization in Bolivia, Ecuador, Mexico, Cuba, Brazil, Chile, Argentina, and the Caribbean are examined, with an emphasis on social change, the transnationalization and commodification of Latin American and Caribbean arts and the adaptation of cultural identities in a globalized context as understood by Latin American authors writing from transnational perspectives.


``This is an edited book with a long and useful introduction (actually a fine synthesis of the whole book) that expands our understanding of emergent identities in Latin American by addressing the question ‘What does it mean to be Latin American (person or artist) in an age of globalisation?’ Changing local, national and culture area wide identities are considered, especially with reference to their relationships with global political and economic influences. ... The essays are well written and the book makes a positive contribution to both Latin American studies and the study of Identity. ''

- Richard W. Stoffle, Bulletin of Latin American Research, Vol. 31, No. 2, 2012