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War and International Justice - A Kantian Perspective

War and International Justice

A Kantian Perspective

By Brian Orend
Subjects Political Science, Philosophy
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Paperback : 9780889203600, 310 pages, May 2000

Table of contents

Table of Contents for
War and International Justice: A Kantian Perspective by Brian Orend

Acknowledgements

List of Abbreviations

Introduction

Part One: Kant’s Just War Theory

Chapter 1. Kant’s Context

Introduction

Groundwork to Kant’s Internationalism

The Core Principles of Kant’s Practical Philosophy

Kant’s General Conception of International Justice

Conclusion

Notes

Chapter 2. Kant’s Just War Theory

The Traditional Reading: No Just War

Neither Realism nor Pacifism

Traditional Just War Theory

The Principles of Kant’s Just War Theory

Conclusion

Notes

Chapter 3. Critical Evaluation of Kant’s International Theory

General Criticisms of Some Core Claims

Criticisms of the International Theory of Justice

Criticisms of Kant’s Just War Theory

Constitutive Elements of a Contemporary Kantian Internationalism

Contemporary Relevance

Conclusion

Notes

Part Two: A Contemporary Kantian Just War Theory

Chapter 4. Contemporary Kantian Internationalism: Human Rights and Ideal Rules of International Law

Human Rights from a Kantian Point of View

International Justice in General

Conclusion

Notes

Chapter 5. The Refutation of Realism and Pacifism

Realism

Pacifism

Conclusion

Notes

Chapter 6. Jus ad Bellum

Groundwork

Just Cause

Right Intention

Proper Authority, Public Declaration and Domestic Rights Protection

No Precipitate Resort to Force

Probability of Success

(Macro-) Proportionality

Two Real-World Cases for Applying Jus ad Bellum

Conclusion

Notes

Chapter 7. Jus post Bellum

The Status Quo of War Termination and Its Deficiencies

Particular Wars, Immediate Aftermaths

Summary of Jus post Bellum Principles

One Real-World Application of Jus post Bellum: The Persian Gulf War

War in General: Long-term Structural Reform

Conclusion

Notes

Conclusion

Bibliography

Index

Description

Can war ever be just? By what right do we charge people with war crimes? Can war itself be a crime? What is a good peace treaty?

Since the Cold War ended in the early 1990s, many wars have erupted, inflaming such areas as the Persian Gulf, Central Africa and Central Europe. Brutalities committed during these conflicts have sparked new interest in the ethics of war and peace.

Brian Orend explores the ethics of war and peace from a Kantian perspective, emphasizing human rights protection, the rule of international law and a fully global concept of justice. Contending that Kant’s just war doctrine has not been given its due, Orend displays Kant’s theory to its fullest, impressive effect. He then completely and clearly updates Kant’s perspective for application to our time.

Along the way, he criticizes pacifism and realism, explores the nature of human rights protection during wartime, and defends a theory of just war. He also looks ahead to future developments in global institutional reform using cases from the Persian Gulf War, Somalia, Bosnia, and Rwanda to illustrate his argument.

Controversial and timely, perhaps the most important contribution War and International Justice: A Kantian Perspective makes is with regard to the question of justice after war. Orend offers a principled theory of war termination, making an urgent plea to reform current international law.

Reviews

``Opening a new topic in Kant scholarship as well as a new perspective on international relations, Brian Orend has delivered an impressive first book that is likely to refresh and stimulate debate.''

- Thomas W. Pogge, Columbia University

``With a nice combination of insight and ingenuity, Orend discovers and constructs a Kantian account of just war -- which is marked by a unique emphasis on jus post bellum, the justice of post-war settlements. He then develops this account precisely and elegantly....The result is an important contribution to the philosophical analysis of morality and war.''

- Michael Walzer, Institute of Advance Studies, Princeton University

``For many reasons this book...is a valuable contribution to the just war tradition.''

- J. M. Betz, Choice